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Vivir Conjugation: How To Conjugate “To Live” In Spanish

Vivir (Meaning: to live in Spanish) is an essential verb for students of all levels. The conjugation of vivir in the present tense is: Yo vivo (I live), tú vives (you live), él/ella/usted vive (he/she lives, you live), nosotros vivimos (we live), vosotros vivís (you live) and ellos/ellas/ustedes viven (they/you live).

Vivir (to live) conjugation charts

Vivir is an example of a regular IR verb. This means two things: 1) Its endings are the same as all other regular IR verbs when conjugated in the present tense and 2) It has no stem changes when conjugated in the present tense. This page on our site covers regular and irregular Spanish IR verbs in detail.

Vivir conjugated in the present tense

Vivir (to live) conjugated in the present tense.

Further down the page we offer conjugation charts with example sentences for vivir in the following ten commonly used Spanish verb tenses:

  • Present tense (presente de indicativo)
  • Progressive present (presente progresivo)
  • Near future (futuro inmediato)
  • Future tense (futuro)
  • Preterite (pretérito)
  • Present perfect indicative (perfecto de indicativo)
  • Imperfect (imperfecto de indicativo)
  • Conditional (potential simple)
  • Present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo)
  • Imperative (imperativo)

Vivir conjugation table

Vivir conjugation table

The following graphic shows conjugations for vivir in the first-person singular (yo) form in twelve verb tenses.

Vivir (to live) conjugation in twelve tenses in the first-person singular (yo) form.

Vivir conjugation charts

Present tense (presente de indicativo)

In the present tense, yo vivo translates to “I live” and “I am living”. Note, to indicate where a person lives, use vivir + preposition en. This page covers vivir en vs. vivir a.

yo vivoI liveVivo en los Estados Unidos.I live in the USA.
tú vivesyou liveVives en México.You live in Mexico.
él/ella, usted vivehe/she lives, you liveÉl vive en Costa Rica.He lives in Costa Rica.
nosotros vivimoswe liveVivimos en España.We live in Spain.
vosotros vivísyou liveVivís en Cataluña.You live in Catalonia.
ellos/ellas, ustedes viventhey/you liveViven en Cartagena.They live in Cartagena.

Progressive present (presente progresivo)

The progressive present combines the present tense of estar (to be) with the present participle. Yo estoy viviendo translates to “I am living”.

yo estoy viviendoI am livingEstoy viviendo en las Montañas Rocosas en este momento.I'm currently living in the Rocky Mountains.
tú estás viviendoyou are living¿Dónde estás viviendo?Where are you living?
él/ella usted está viviendohe/she is living, you are livingElla está viviendo con sus familiares.She's living with her relatives.
nosotros estamos viviendowe are livingEstamos viviendo bien en este momento.We've living well now.
vosotros estáis viviendoyou are living¿Estáis viviendo con los niños?Are you living with the kids?
ellos/ellas, ustedes están viviendothey/you are livingNo están viviendo juntos.They're not living together.

Near future (futuro inmediato)

The near future tense combines the present tense of ir (to go) with the preposition a and an infinitive. Yo voy a vivir translates to “I am going to live”. Note that vivir + a is used to express a place where one is “moving to”.

voy a vivirI am going to liveVoy a vivir a la Ciudad de México.I'm going to live in Mexico City.
tú vas a viviryou are going to liveVas a vivir a San José.You're going to live in San Jose.
él/ella, usted va a vivirhe/she is going to live, you are going to liveÉl va a vivir a Los Ángeles.He's going to live in LA.
nosotros vamos a vivirwe are going to liveVamos a vivir más cerca de la playa.We're going to live closer to the beach.
vosotros vais a viviryou are going to liveVais a vivir a Mallorca. You're going to live in Mallorca.
ellos/ellas, ustedes van a vivirthey/you are going to liveUstedes van a vivir a Sydney.You are going to live in Sydney.

Future tense (futuro)

In the future tense, yo viviré translates to “I will live”.

yo viviréI will liveViviré en esta casa. I'll live in this house.
tú vivirásyou will live¿Vivirás con tu familia política?Will you live with your in-laws?
él/ella, usted viviráhe/she will live, you will liveVivirá en el norte de México.He'll live in Northern Mexico.
nosotros viviremoswe will liveViviremos en España en un departemento. We'll live in Spain in an apartment.
vosotros viviréisyou will live¿Viviréis juntos o seperados?Will you live together or apart?
ellos/ellas, ustedes viviránthey / you will live¡Vivirán en una casa enorme!They'll live in an enormous house.

Preterite (pretérito)

The preterite tense is used to express actions which occurred at specific times. Yo viví translates to “I lived”.

yo vivíI livedViví en Montreal durante cuatro años.I lived in Montreal for four years.
tú vivisteyou lived¿Dónde viviste en Italia?Where did you live in Italy?
él/ella, usted vivióhe/she/you lived¿Vivió en América Central?Did you live in Central America?
nosotros vivimoswe lived Vivimos en la Costa Brava.We lived in the Costa Brava.
vosotros vivisteisyou lived¿Vivisteis en las Islas Canarias?Did you live in the Canary Islands?
ellos/ellas, ustedes vivieronthey/you livedVivieron en San Carlos de Bariloche.They lived in San Carlos de Bariloche.

Present perfect indicative (perfecto de indicativo)

The present perfect tense is formed by combining haber (to have) in the present tense with the present participle. Yo he vivido translates to “I have lived”.

yo he vividoI have livedHe vivido en este departement desde hace dos años.I've lived in this apartment for two years.
tú has vividoyou have livedHas vivido en Texas desde hace un mes. You've lived in Texas for one month.
él/ella, usted ha vividohe/she has lived, you have livedHa vivido con su novia desde hace mucho tiempo.He's lived with his girlfriend for a long time.
nosotros hemos vividowe have livedHemos vivido en California desde dos mil seis.We've lived in California since 2006.
vosotros habéis vividoyou have livedHabéis vivido en Barcelona desde hace muchos años.You've lived in Barcelona for many years.
ellos/ellas, ustedes han vividothey/you have livedNunca han vivido junos.They've never lived together.

Imperfect (imperfecto de indicativo)

The imperfect is used to describe past actions which occurred at unspecified times.

yo vivíaI used to live (or was living, lived)Cuando era nino vivía en los Estados Unidos.When I was a child I used to live in the USA.
tú vivíasyou used to live¿Dónde vivías en la universidad?Where did you used to live in university?
él/ella, usted vivíaHe/she/you used to liveVivía en Grecia con sus primos.He used to live in Greece with his cousins.
nosotros vivíamoswe used to liveEl el pasado vivíamos en Argentina.In the past we used to live in Argentina.
vosotros vivíaisyou used to liveVivíais en Espana cuando encontraste a vuestros amigos.You were living in Spain when you met your friends.
ellos/ellas, ustedes vivíanthey/you used to liveVivían juntos durante mucho tiempo.They lived together for a long time.

Conditional (potential simple)

The conditional tense is used to express hypothetical actions. Yo viviría translates to “I would live”.

yo viviríaI would liveYo viviría en Japón si hablara japonés.I'd live in Japan if I spoke Japanese.
tú viviríasyou would liveVivirías en México si fueras jubilado.You'd live in Mexico if you were retired.
él/ella, usted viviríahe/she/you would liveViviría en España pero prefiere Costa Rica. He's live in Spain but he prefers Costa Rica.
nosotros viviríamoswe would liveViviríamos juntos si fuéramos casados.We'd live together if we were married.
vosotros viviríaisyou would liveViviríais en las montañas si disfrutaras de la nieve. You'd live in the mountains if you enjoyed the snow.
ellos/ellas, ustedes viviríanthey/you would liveVivirían en California si fueran ciudadanos americanos.They've live in California if they were American citizens.

Present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo)

The subjunctive mood is used to express wishes, emotions and doubts. Yo viva translates to “I live”.

yo vivaI liveQuieren que viva más cerca de Madrid.They want me to live closer to Madrid.
tú vivasyou liveEs fantástico que vivas en México!It's fantastic that you live in Madrid!
él/ella, usted vivahe/she lives, you liveEs dudoso que viva en este departemento.It's doubtful that he lives in this apartment.
nosotros vivamoswe liveEstoy feliz que por fin vivamos en Europa.I'm happy we finally live in Europe.
vosotros viváisyou live¡Es increíble que viváis en una mansión tan enorme!It's incredible that you live in such a huge mansion!
ellos/ellas, ustedes vivanyou/they liveEs importante que vivan cerca de las montañas.It's important that they live near the mountains.

Imperative (imperativo)

The imperative mood is used to make commands and give suggestions. Example sentences are under the chart.

(tú) ¡vive!Live!¡no vivas!Don't live!
(usted) ¡viva!Live!¡no viva!Don't live!
(nosotros) ¡vivamos!Let's live!¡no vivamos!Let's not live!
(vosotros) ¡vivid!Live!¡no viváis!Don't live!
(ustedes) ¡vivan!Live!¡no vivan!Don't live!
  • ¡Vivamos cerca de la playa! Let’s live near the beach!
  • ¡No vivamos en esta colonia! Let’t live in this neighborhood!

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David Issokson