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Dormir Conjugation: How To Conjugate “To Sleep” In Spanish

Dormir (Meaning: to sleep in Spanish) is a an essential verb for all students. The conjugation of dormir in the present tense is: Yo duermo (I sleep), tú duermes (you sleep), él/ella, usted duerme (he/she sleeps, you sleep), nosotros dormimos (we sleep), vosotros dormís (you sleep) and ellos/ellas/ustedes duermen (they/you sleep).

Dormir (to sleep) conjugation charts

Dormir is an irregular IR verb. This is because while its endings are the same as all other regular IR verbs when conjugated in the present tense, its stem changes. This page on our site covers regular and irregular Spanish IR verbs in detail.

Conjugation of dormir in the present tense

Conjugation of dormir (to sleep) in the present tense.

Further down the page we provide complete conjugation charts with example sentences for dormir in the following commonly used verb tenses:

  • Present tense (presente de indicativo)
  • Progressive present (presente progresivo)
  • Near future (futuro inmediato)
  • Future tense (futuro)
  • Preterite (pretérito)
  • Present perfect indicative (perfecto de indicativo)
  • Imperfect (imperfecto de indicativo)
  • Conditional (potential simple)
  • Present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo)
  • Imperative (imperativo)

Dormir conjugation table

Dormir conjugation table

The following graphic show conjugations for dormir in the first-person singular (yo) form in twelve tenses.

Dormir conjugation charts

Present tense (presente de indicativo)

In the present tense, yo duermo translates to “I sleep” and “I am sleeping”.

yo duermoI sleepDuermo en mi cama.I sleep in a bed.
tú duermesyou sleepDuermes en el salón.You sleep in the living room.
él/ella, usted duermehe/she sleeps, you sleepDuerme con la puerta cerrada.He sleeps with the door closed.
nosotros dormimoswe sleepDormimos hasta las once. We sleep until 11 o'clock.
vosotros dormísyou sleepDormís en la tienda de campaña.You sleep in the tent.
ellos/ellas, ustedes duermenyou/they sleepDuermen en un cuarto de hotel.They sleep in a hotel room.

Progressive present (presente progresivo)

The progressive present combines the present tense of estar (to be) with the present participle. Yo estoy durmiendo translates to “I am sleeping”.

yo estoy durmiendoI am sleepingEstoy durmiendo en mi habitación.I'm sleeping in my bedroom.
tú estás durmiendoyou are sleeping¡Estás durmiendo demasiado!You're sleeping too much!
él/ella, usted está durmiendohe/she is sleeping, you are sleepingEstá durmiendo en la casa de su hermano.He's sleeping at his brother's house.
nosotros estamos durmiendowe are sleepingEstamos durmiendo en la troca. We're sleeping in the truck.
vosotros estáis durmiendoyou are sleepingEstáis durmiendo en la playa.You're sleeping on the beach.
ellos/ellas, ustedes están durmiendothey/you are sleepingEstán durmiendo en un colchón de agua.They're sleeping on a waterbed.

Near future (futuro inmediato)

The near future tense combines the present tense of ir (to go) with the preposition a and an infinitive. Yo voy a dormir translates to “I am going to sleep”.

voy a dormirI am going to sleepVoy a dormir en mi cama.I'm going to sleep in my bed.
vas a dormiryou are going to sleepVas a dormir con tu peluche.You're going to sleep with your stuffed animal.
él/ella, usted va a dormirhe/she is going to sleep, you are going to sleepVa a dormir en una hamaca.He's going to sleep in a hammock.
nosotros vamos a dormirwe are going to sleepVamos a dormir en este cuarto.We're going to sleep in this room.
vosotros vais a dormiryou are going to sleepVais a dormir en una pensión.You're going to sleep in an inn.
ellos/ellas, ustedes van a dormirthey/you are going to sleepVan a dormir con la puerta abierta.They're going to sleep with the door open.

Preterite (pretérito)

The preterite tense is used to express past actions which occurred at specified times. Yo dormí translates to “I slept”.

yo dormíI sleptDormí bien ayer por la noche.I slept well last night.
tú dormisteyou slept¿Dormiste bien en esta cama?Did you sleep well in the bed?
él/ella, usted durmióhe/she/you sleptDurmió en una carpa verde. He slept in a green tent.
nosotros dormimoswe sleptDormimos bajo las estrellas.We slept under the stars.
vosotros dormisteisyou sleptDormisteis en nuestra posada.You slept in our inn.
ellos/ellas, ustedes durmieronthey/you sleptNo durmieron en su casa.They didn't sleep in their house.

Present perfect indicative (perfecto de indicativo)

The present perfect indicative tense is used to describe past events which have a bearing on the present. Yo he dormido translates to “I have slept”.

yo he dormidoI have sleptNo he dormido bien.I haven't slept well.
tú has dormidoyou have slept¿Has dormido toda la noche?Have you slept all night?
él/ella, usted ha dormidohe/she has slept, you have sleptHa dormido en un hotel esta semana.He's slept in a hotel this week.
nosotros hemos dormidowe have sleptHemos dormido en esta cama. We've slept in this bed.
vosotros habéis dormidoyou have slept¿Habéis dormido en este centro turístico?Have you slept in this resort?
ellos/ellas, ustedes han dormidoyou/they have sleptHan dormido en la casda de sus abuelos.They've slept at their grandparents' house.

Imperfect (imperfecto de indicativo)

The imperfect tense is used to express past actions which occurred at unspecified times. Yo dormía translates to “I was sleeping”, “I used to sleep” and “I slept”.

yo dormíaI was sleeping (or used to sleep, slept)Yo dormía cuando llegaste.I was sleeping when you arrived.
tú dormíasyou were sleepingDormías cuando el teléfono sonó.You were sleeping when the phone rang.
él/ella, usted dormíahe/she was sleeping, you were sleepingDormía bien cuando era niño.He used to sleep well when he was a child.
nosotros dormíamoswe were sleepingDormíamos hasta mediodía.We used to sleep until noon.
vosotros dormíaisyou were sleepingDormíais cuando llegó la tormenta.You were sleeping when the storm arrived.
ellos/ellas, ustedes dormíanthey/you were sleepignDormían en su carpa cada verano. They used to sleep in their tent every summer.

Conditional (potential simple)

The conditional tense is used to express hypothetical actions. Yo dormiría translates to “I would sleep”.

yo dormiríaI would sleepDormiría pero no estoy cansado.I would sleep but I'm not not tired.
tú dormiríasyou would sleep¿Dormirías si estuvieses cansado?Would you sleep if you were tired?
él/ella, usted dormiríahe/she/you would sleepElla dormiría si tuviese una cama.She's sleep if he had a bed.
nosotros dormiríamoswe would sleepDormiríamos hasta las diez si fuese posible.We'd sleep until 10 o'clock if it were possible.
vosotros dormiríaisyou would sleep¿Dónde dormiríais si tuvieseis una reservación?Where would you sleep if you had a reservation?
ellos/ellas, ustedes dormiríanthey/you would sleepDormirían en un centro turístico estuviesen de vacaciones.They'd sleep in a hotel if they were on vacation.

Present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo)

The subjunctive is used to express wishes, emotions and doubts. Yo durema translates to “I sleep”.

yo duermaI sleepEs importante que durema en me propria cama.It's important that I sleep in my own bed.
tú duermasyou sleepQuiere que duermas un poco más.I want you to sleep a bit more.
él/ella, usted duermahe/she sleeps, you sleepNo sé si duerma bastante.I don't know if he's sleeping enough.
nosotros durmamoswe sleepNo piensa que durmamos en esta cama.He doesn't think we're sleeping in this bed.
vosotros durmáisyou sleepQuieren que durmáis en esta habitación.They want you to sleep in this bedroom.
ellos/ellas, ustedes duermanthey/you sleepNo sé donde duerman esta noche.I don't know where you're sleeping tonight.

Imperative (imperativo)

The imperative mood is used to give commands and makes suggestions. Example sentences are under the chart.

(tú) ¡duerme!Sleep!¡no duermas!Don't sleep!
(usted) ¡duerma!Sleep!¡no duerma!Don't sleep!
(nosotras) ¡durmamos!Let's sleep¡no durmamos!Let's not sleep!
(vosotras) ¡dormid!Sleep!¡no durmáis!Don't sleep!
(ustedes) ¡duerman!Sleep!¡no duerman!Don't sleep!
  • ¡Durmamos en esta cama! Let’s sleep in this bed!
  • ¡Duerma con la puerta cerrada! Sleep with the door closed!
  • ¡No duermas hasta mediodía! Don’t sleep until noon!
  • ¡No duermas en mi cama! Don’t sleep in my bed!

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David Issokson