Skip to Content

Hablar Conjugation: How To Conjugate “To Speak” In Spanish

How to conjugate the Spanish verb hablar

Hablar is one of the most important verbs in the Spanish language and often the first verb which students learn. The meaning of hablar is “to speak”. The conjugation of hablar in the present tense is: Yo hablo (I speak), tú hablas (you speak), él/ella/usted habla (he, she speaks; you speak), nosotros hablamos (we speak) vosotros habláis, ellos/ellas/ustedes hablan (they speak; you speak).

Hablar (to speak) conjugation charts

Hablar is a regular AR verb. This means that its endings are the same as all other Spanish AR verbs. This page on our site covers regular and irregular Spanish AR verbs in detail.

Hablar (to speak) conjugated in the present tense.

Further down the page we’ve provided verb conjugation charts for hablar in the following nine tenses. Keep reading as we’ve also provided example sentences for each verb tense.

  • Present tense (el presente de indicativo)
  • Progressive present tense (el presente progresivo)
  • Near future tense (futuro proximo)
  • Future tense (el futuro)
  • Preterite (el préterito)
  • Past indefinite (el perfect de indicativo)
  • Imperfect (el imperfecto de indicativo)
  • Conditional (el potencial simple)
  • Present subjunctive

Hablar conjugation in a nutshell: Ten useful tenses

Hablar conjugation table

Meaning and usage of hablar

In Spanish, hablar mean both to speak and to talk. Here are two example sentences:

  • Por qué no hablas español? Why don’t you speak Spanish.
  • El niño no habla mucho. Es timido. The child doesn’t talk a lot. He’s shy.
Hablar (to speak) conjugated in 12 tenses in the first-person singular (yo) form.

Hablar conjugation charts

The following section contains the conjugation tables of hablar in all the major tenses with example sentences.

Present tense

In the present tense (presente de indicativo), yo hablo translates to “I speak” and “I am speaking”.

yo habloI speakYo hablo español. I speak Spanish.
tú hablasyou speak Tú hablas muy rápidamente.You speak very quickly.
él/ella/usted hablahe/she speaks, you speakElla habla alemán.She speaks German.
nosotros hablamoswe speakNosotros hablamos frecuentemente.We speak often.
vosotros habláisyou speakVosotros habláis catalán.You speak Catalan.
ellos/ellas/ustedes hablanthey speak, you speakEllos hablan ruso.They speak Russian.

Progressive present

In Spanish, the progressive present is formed by combining the present tense of estar (to be) with the present participle. Hence, yo estoy hablando translates to “I am speaking”.

yo estoy hablandoI am speakingYo estoy hablando con tu amgio. I'm speaking with your friend.
tú estás hablandoyou are speaking¿Por qué estas hablando en clase?Why are you talking in class?
él/elle/usted está hablandohe/she is speaking, you are speakingEl patrón está hablando con los empleados. The boss is speaking with the employees.
nosotros estamos hablandowe are speakingNosotros estamos hablando de tí.We're talking about you.
vosotros estáis hablandoyou are speakingVosotros estáis hablando de vuestro viaje en España.You are talking about your trip to Spain.
ellos/ellas/ustedes están hablandothey are speaking, you are speakingEllos están hablando de un asunto muy serio.They are talking about a serious issue.

Near future tense

In Spanish, the near future tense is used to express an action that’s “going to” happen. It is made by combining the present tense of ir (to go) with the infinitive followed by the preposition a. Hence, yo voy a hablar translates to “I am going to speak”.

yo voy a hablarI'm going to speakYo voy a hablar con tu mamá.I'm going to speak with your mom.
tú vas a hablaryou're going to speak¿Vas a hablar con él?Are you gong to speak with him?
él/ella/usted va a hablarhe/she is going to speak, you're going to speak¿Va a hablar con el encargado?Is he going to speak with the manager?
nosotros vamos a hablarwe're going to speakVamos a hablar mañana. We're going to talk tomorrow.
vosotros vais a hablaryou're going to speakVosotros vais a hablar en privado. You're going to speak in private.
ellos/ellas/ustedes van a hablarthey're going to speak, you are going to speakEllos van a hablar en tres días.They're going to speak in three days.

Future tense

In Spanish yo hablaré translates to “I will speak”.

yo hablaréI will speakAlgún día hablaré español.Some day I'll speak Spanish.
tú hablarásyou will speakTú hablarás japonés en Japón.You will speak Japanese in Japan.
él/ella/usted hablaráhe/she will speak, you will speakElla hablará con su primo.She will speak with her cousin.
nosotros hablaremoswe will speakNosotros hablaremos de este asunto pronto.We will soon speak about this issue.
vosotros hablaréisyou will speak¿Hablaréis de los gastos?Will you talk about the costs?
ellos/ellas/ustedes hablaránthey will speak, you will speak¿Hablarán con los trabajador?Will they speak with the workers?


In Spanish, the preterite tense is used to describe past completed actions which occurred at defined times. Yo hablé translates to “I spoke”.

yo habléI spokeHablé con mi jefe ayer.I spoke with my boss yesterday.
tú hablasteyou spoke¿Hablaste con tus hermanos?Did you speak with your brothers?
él/ella/usted hablóshe, she, you spokeElla habló antes de reflexionar.She spoke before thinking.
nosotros hablamoswe spokeYa hablamos de este problema.We already spoke about this problem.
vosotros hablasteisyou spoke¿Hablasteis de una solución?Did you talk about a solution?
ellos/ellas/ustedes hablaronthey, you spokeEllos ya hablaron de los planes dos veces.They already spoke about the plans twice.

Present perfect

In Spanish, the present perfect is used to express past actions which may continue into the present. The present perfect is formed by combing the present tense of haber (to have) with a past participle. Yo he hablado traslates to “I have spoken”.

yo he habladoI have spokenYo he hablado con su mamá y todavía no tenemos una respuesta.I have spoken with your mom and we still don't have an answer.
tú has habladoyou have spoken¿Has hablado con la familia hoy?Have you spoken with the family today?
él/ella/usted ha habladohe/she has spoken, you have spokenÉl a hablado con su prima de la situación.He's spoken with his cousin about he situation.
nosotros hemos habladowe have spokenHemos hablado hablado del asunto en la mañana.We've discussed the matter in the morning.
vosotros habéis habladoyou have spokenVosotros habéis hablado con el director hace tres minutes.You spoke with the director three minutes ago.
ellos/ellas/ustedes han habladothey have spokenEllos todavía no han hablado del proyecto.They still haven't talked about the project.


The imperfect tense is used to talk about past events which occurred at unspecified times.

yo hablabaI was speaking, used to speakYo hablaba frecuentemente con su abuelo.I used to talk often with your grandfather.
tú hablasyou were speaking used to speak¿Hablabas español en casa?Did you used to speak Spanish at home?
él/ella/usted hablabahe, she was speaking, used to speak / you were speaking, used to speakElla hablaba quand Pedro interrumpió.She was speaking when Pedro interrupted.
nosotros hablábamoswe were speaking, used to speakNosotros hablábamos de vez en cuando.We used to talk from time to time.
vosotros hablabaisyou were speaking, used to speakVosotros hablabais durante el concierto.You were talking during the concert.
ellos/ellas/ustedes hablabanthey, you were speaking, used to speakA veces ellos hablaban por teléfono.Sometimes they used to talk on the phone.


In Spanish, the conditional tense is used for hypothetical or “would” situations. Yo hablaría translates to “I would speak”.

yo hablaríaI would speakYo hablaría español si viviera en México.I'd speak Spanish if I lived in Mexico.
tú hablaríasyou would speakTu hablarías chino si fuera más fácil.You'd speak Chinese if it were easier.
él/ella/usted hablaríahe, she, you would speakElla hablaría conmigo pero no tiene tiempo.She'd speak with me but she doesn't have time.
nosotros hablaríamoswe would speakNosotros hablaríamos un poco más pero no es posible.We'd speak a bit more but it's not possible.
vosotros hablaríaisyou would speakVosotros hablaríais francés si viajarais en Francia.You would speak French if you traveled in France.
ellos/ellas/ustedes hablaríanthey, you would speakEllos hablarían portugués si viajaran en Brasil.They'd speak Portuguese if they traveled in Brazil.

Present subjunctive

In Spanish, the subjunctive is used to express wishes, emotions and doubts. Que yo hable translates to “that I speak”.

yo hableI speakÉl quiere que hable con el jefe. He wants me to talk with the boss.
tú hablesyou speakTemo que no hables bastante.I fear you're not speaking enough.
él, ella, usted hablehe, she speaks, you speakYo me alegro que ella hable con su esposo. I'm happy she's speaking with her husband.
nosotros hablemoswe speakEs importante que hablemos ahora mismo.It's important that we speak right away.
vosotros habléisyou speakYo dudo que vosotros habléis coreano.I doubt you speak Korean.
ellos, ellas ustedes hablenthey, you speakNecitimas que ustedes hablen con los niños.We need you to talk to the kids.
David Issokson