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Comer Conjugation: How To Conjugate “To Eat” In French

The verb comer (Meaning: to eat in Spanish) is an essential verb for students of all levels. The conjugation of comer in the present tense is: Yo como (I eat), tú comes (you eat), él/ella/usted come (he/she eats, you eat), nosotros comemos (we eat) vosotros coméis (you eat) and ellos/ellas/ustedes comen (they/you eat).

Comer (to eat) conjugation charts

Comer is a regular ER verb. This means that when conjugated in the present tense it has no stem changes and its endings are the same as other regular ER verbs. This page on our site covers both regular and irregular Spanish ER verb in detail.

Comer conjugated in the present tense

Comer (to eat) conjugation in the present tense.

Further down the page we provide conjugation charts for comer with example sentences in the following ten commonly used verb tenses:

  • Present tense (presente de indicativo)
  • Progressive present (presente progresivo)
  • Near future (futuro inmediato)
  • Future tense (futuro)
  • Preterite (pretérito)
  • Present perfect indicative (perfecto de indicativo)
  • Imperfect (imperfecto de indicativo)
  • Conditional (potential simple)
  • Present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo)
  • Imperative (imperativo)

Comer conjugation table

Comer conjugation table

The following graphic shows the conjugations for comer in the first-person singular(yo) form in twelve verb tenses.

Comer (to eat) conjugation in 12 tenses in the first-person singular (yo) form.

Comer conjugation charts

Present tense (presente de indicativo)

In the present tense, yo como translates to “I eat” and “I am eating”.

yo comoI eatComo los tacos.I eat the tacos.
tú comesyou eatComes las papas fritas.You eat the French fries.
él/ella, usted comehe/she eats, you eatElla come la ensalada. She eats the salad.
nosotros comemoswe eatComemos la pasta.We eat the pasta.
vosotros coméisyou eatComéis la paella.You eat the paella.
ellos/ellas, ustedes comenthey/you eatComen los burritos.They eat the burritos.

Progressive present (presente progresivo)

The progressive present is formed by combining the present tense of estar (to be) with the present participle. Yo estoy comiendo transaltes to “I am eating”.

yo estoy comiendoI am eatingEstoy comiendo en el mercado.I'm eating in the market.
tú estás comiendoyou are eatingEstás comiendo el desayuno.You're eating breakfast.
él/ella, usted está comiendohe/she is eating, you are eatingEstá comiendo el almuerzo.He's eating lunch.
nosotros estamos comiendowe are eatingEstamos comiendo la cena.We're eating dinner.
vosotros estáis comiendoyou are eatingEstáis comiendo las tapas.You're eating bar snacks.
ellos/ellas, ustedes están comiendothey are eatingEstán comiendo el postre.They're eating dessert.

Near future (futuro inmediato)

The near future tense is used to express action which are going to occur. The tense is formed by combining the present tense if ir (to go) with the preposition a and an infinitive. Yo voy a comer translates to “I am going to eat”.

yo voy a comerI am going to eatVoy a comer con mis amigos.I'm going to eat with my friends.
tú vas a comeryou are doing to eat
Vas a comer en la cafetería.You're going to eat in the cafeteria.
él/ella, usted va a comerhe/she/you is (are) going to eatÉl va a comer con su familia.He's going to eat with his family.
nosotros vamos a comerwe are going to eatVamos a comer en diez minutos.We're going to eat in ten minutes.
vosotros vais a comeryou are doing to eatVais a comer en un restaurante.You're going to eat in a restaurant.
ellos/ellas, ustedes van a comerthey/you are going to eatEllos van a comer las quesadillas.They're going to eat the quesadillas.

Preterite (pretérito)

The preterite tense is used to express past actions which occurred at specific times. Yo comí translates to “I ate”.

yo comíI ateComí a la cinco.I ate at five o'clock.
tú comisteyou ate¿Qué comiste ayer?What did you eat yesterday?
él/ella, usted comióhe/she, you ate¿Por qué no comió con sus hermanos?Why didn't he eat with his brothers?
nosotros comimoswe ateYa comimos, gracias.We already ate, thanks.
vosotros comisteisyou ateComisteis los churros?Did you eat the fritters?
ellos/ellas, ustedes comieronthey/you ateComieron las guayaba.They ate the guavas.

Present perfect indicative (perfecto de indicativo)

The present perfect tense is used to express past actions which have a bearing on the present. Yo he comido translates to “I have eaten”.

yo he comidoI have eatenYa he comido con los niños.I've already eaten with the kids.
tú has comidoyou have eaten¿Por qué no has comido?Why haven't you eaten.
él/ella, usted ha comidohe/she/you has (have) eatenElla todavía no ha comido.She still hasn't eaten.
nosotros hemos comidowe have eatenHemos comido en este restaurante tres veces. We've eaten in this restaurant three times.
vosotros habéis comidoyou have eatenHabéis comido la tapas en la terraza.You've eaten the bar snacks on the terrace.
ellos/ellas, ustedes han comidothey/you have eatenYa han comido con sus primos.They've already eaten with their cousins.

Imperfect (imperfecto de indicativo)

The imperfect tense is used to express past actions which occurred at unspecified times. Yo comía translates to “I was eating”, “I used to eat” and “I ate”.

yo comíaI was eating (or used to eat, ate)Cuando era niño, comía la pizza todas las semanas.When I was a child I used to eat pizza every week.
tú comíasyou were eating¿Dónde comías en la universidad?Where did you used to eat in university?
él/ella, usted comíahe/she/you was (were) eatingEn el pasado comía mucha comida chatarra.In the past he used to eat a lot of junk food.
nosotros comíamoswe were eatingComíamos el postre cuando papó volvió a casa.We were eating dessert when dad got home.
vosotros comíaisyou were eating¿Qué comíais cuando vivíais a Sevilla?What did you used to eat when you lived in Seville?
ellos/ellas, ustedes comíanthey/you were eatingComían el helado cuando María se puso a cantar.They were eating ice cream when Marie starting singing.

Conditional (potential simple)

The conditional tense is used to express hypothetical actions. Yo comería translates to “I would eat”.

yo comeríaI would eatComería si tuveria hambre. I'd eat if I were hungry.
tú comeríasyou would eat¿Qué comerías si tuvieras más dinero?What would you eat if you had more money?
él/ella, usted comeríahe/she/you would eatComería con nosotros pero ya tiene planes.He's eat with us but he already has plans.
nosotros comeríamoswe would eatComeríamos con ustedes si tuviéramos más tiempo.We'd eat with you if we had more time.
vosotros comeríaisyou would eatComeríais el bistec si fuerais vegano.You'd eat the steak if you weren't vegan.
ellos/ellas, ustedes comeríanthey/you would eatComerían tacos si estuvieran a México. They'd eat tacos if they were in Mexico.

Present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo)

The subjunctive is used to express wishes, emotions and doubts. Yo coma translates to “I eat”.

yo comaI eat Él quiere que coma un poco más. He wants me to eat a bit more.
tú comasyou eatEs importante que comas antes de trabajar. It's important that you eat before working.
él/ella, usted comahe/she eats, you eatDime cuando coma la cena.Tell me when you eat dinner.
nosotros comamoswe eatElla quiere que que comamos las verdura. She wants us to eat the vegetables.
vosotros comáisyou eat¡Exijo que comáis con los adultos! I require that you eat with the adults.
ellos/ellas, ustedes comanthey/you eatEs necesario que coman todo.It's necessary that you eat everything.

Imperative (imperativo)

The imperative mood is used to give commands and make suggestions. Example sentences are under the chart.

(tú) ¡come!Eat!¡no comas!Don't eat
(usted) ¡coma!Eat!¡no coma!Don't eat
(nosotros) ¡comamos!Let's eat!¡no comamos!Let's not eat!
(vosotros) ¡comed!Eat!¡no comáis!Don't eat
(ustedes) ¡coman!Eat!¡no coman!Don't eat
  • ¡Come la verduras! Eat the vegetables!
  • ¡Comamos la enchiladas! Let’s eat the enchiladas!
  • ¡Co comas demasiado azúcar! Don’t eat too much sugar!
  • ¡No coman el postre antes de comer el plato principal! Don’t eat dessert before eating the main dish!

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David Issokson