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Leer Conjugation: How to Conjugate to Read in Spanish

Leer (Meaning: to read) is an essential verb for all beginner students in Spanish. The conjugation of leer in the present tense is: Yo leo (I read), tú lees (you read), él/ella, usted lee (he/she reads; you read), nosotros leemos (we read), vosotros leéis (you read), ellos/ellas, ustedes leen (they read).

Leer (to read) conjugation chrats

Leer is a regular ER verb. This means that when conjugated in the present tense, its stem is the same for every subject and its endings are the same as all other regular ER verbs. This page on our site covers regular and irregular Spanish ER verbs in detail.

Leer conjugation in the present tense

Leer (to read) conjugation in the present tense.

Further down the page we provide detailed conjugation charts with example sentences for the following commonly used verb tenses:

  • Present tense  (present tense)
  • Near future  (immediate future)
  • Future tense (futuro)
  • Preterite (pretérito)
  • Imperfect (el imperfecto de indicativo)
  • Present perfect indicative (perfecto de indicativo)
  • Conditional (potential simple)
  • Present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo)

Leer conjugation table

Leer (to read) conjugation table

Leer conjugation in a nutshell

The following graphic shows the Spanish verb leer (to read) conjugated in the first-person singular (yo) in twelve tenses.

Leer conjugation charts

Present tense  (present tense)

In the present tense, yo leo translates to “I read” and “I am reading”.

yo leoI readLeo las instrucciones. I read the instructions.
tú leesyou readTu lees periódicode vez en cuando.You read the newspaper from time to time.
él/ella, usted leehe/she reads; you readElla la chino y japonés.She reads Chinese and Japanese.
nosotros leemoswe readLeemos la lista de ingredientes.I read the list of ingredients.
vosotros leéisyou readVosotros no leéis el libro de texto.You don't read the textbook.
ellos/ellas, ustedes leenthey readLeen la poesía juntos.They read poetry together.

Near future  (immediate future)

The near future tense is formed with the following construction: Present tense of ir (to go) + preposition a + infintive.

yo voy a leerI'm going to readVoy a leer una novela.I'm going to read a novel.
tú vas a leeryou're going to read¿Vas a leer el plano?Are you going to read the city map?
él/ella, usted va a leerhe/she/you is (are) going to readElla va a leer el horóscopo para esta semana.She's going to read this week's horoscope.
nosotros vamos a leerwe're going to readVamos a leer una tira cómica.We're going to read a comic strip.
vosotros vais a leeryou're going to readVais a leer la reseña de cine.You're going to read the movie review.
ellos/ellas, ustedes van a leerthey/you're going to readEllos van a leer los jeroglíficos.They're going to read the hieroglyphics.

Future tense (futuro)

In the future tense, yo leeré translates to “I will read”.

yo leeréI will readYo leeré una novela de Cervantes.I will read a Cervantes novel.
tú leerásyou will read¿Leerás la revista?Will you read the magazine?
él/ella, usted leeráhe/she/you will readElla leerá el manual de instrucciones.She will read the instruction book.
nosotros leeremoswe will readNosotros leeremos su artículo.We will read your article.
nosotros leeréisyou will readLeeréis el libro de poesía.You will read the poetry book.
ellos/ellas, ustedes leeránthey/you will readEllos leerán los caracteres chinos.They will read the Chinese characters.

Preterite (pretérito)

The preterite is commonly used Spanish past tense used to describe past actions which occurred at definined times.

yo leíI readYo no leí la noticias.I didn't read the news.
tú leísteyou read¿Leíste mis mensajes?Did you read my messages?
él/ella, usted leyóhe/she/you readNo leyó la etiqueta.He didn't read the label.
nosotros leímoswe readLeímos los términos y condiciones.We read the terms and conditions.
vosotros leísteisyou readLeísteis las señales de tráfico.You read the road signs.
ellos/ellas, ustedes leyeronthey/you readNo leyeron mis instrucciones.They didn't read my instructions.

Imperfect (el imperfecto de indicativo)

The imperfect tense is used to express past actions which occurred at unspecified times. Yo leía translates to “I used to read”, “I was reading” and “I read”.

yo leíaI was reading (or used to read, read)Cuando ere niño leía las historieta.I used to read comic books when I was a child.
tú leíasyou were readingLeías una novela cuando papá llegó.You were reading a novel when dad arrived.
él/ella, usted leíahe/she/you was (were) readingElla leía los subtítulos.She used to read the subtitles.
nosotros leíamoswe were readingLeíamos biblia en la iglesia.We used to read the bible in church.
vosotros leíaisyou were readingLeíais el grafiti en los pardes.You used to read graffiti on the walls.
ellos/ellas, ustedes leíanthey/you were readingEllos leían el libro de texto cuando entró la profesora.They were reading the textbook when the professor entered.

Present perfect indicative (perfecto de indicativo)

The present perfect is used to express past actions which have a bearing on the present. Yo he leido translates to “I have read”.

yo he leídoI have readNo he leído el periódico hoy.I have not read the newspaper today.
tú has leídoyou have read¿Has leído las noticias?Have you read the news?
él/ella, usted ha leídoHe/she/you has (have) readTodavía no ha leído el mensaje.He still hasn't read the message.
nosotros hemos leídowe have readHemos leído la misma cosa mil veces.We've read the same thing a thousand times.
vosotros habéis leídoyou have read¿Habéis leído mi nota?Have you read my note.
ellos/ellas, ustedes han leídothey/you have readHan leído la partitura unas cuantas veces.They've read the sheet music a few times.

Conditional (potential simple)

The conditional tense is used for to express hypothetical actions. Yo leería translates to “I would read”.

yo leeríaI would readYo leería el periódico pero todas las noticias son malas.I'd read the newspaper but all the news is bad.
tú leeríasyou would readLeerías novelas si tuvieras mâs tiempo.You'd read novels if you had more time.
él/ella, usted leeríahe/she/you would readÉl leería las instrucciones si estuviera más paciente. He'd read the instructions if he were more patient.
nosotros leeríamoswe would readLeeríamos el libro si fuera publicado.We'd read the book if it were published.
vosotros leeríaisyou would readLeeríais francés si conocieran el idioma.You'd read French if you knew the language.
ellos/ellas, ustedes leeríanthey/you would readLeerían mis explicación si fueran más inteligentes.They'd read my explanations if they were smarter.

Present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo)

The subjunctive mood is used to express wishes, emotions and doubts.

yo leaI readEs importante que lea un poco más.It's important that I read a bit more.
tú leasyou readDudo que leas esta página.I doubt you're reading this page.
él/ella, usted leahe/she reads; you readEs necesario que lea las letras chicas.It's necessary that he reads the fine print.
nosotros leamoswe readEl profesor quiere que leamos une historia.The professor wants us to read a story.
vosotros leáisyou readExijo que leáis todas las instrucciones.I require that you read all the instructions.
ellos/ellas, ustedes leanthey/you readEs importante que lean la biografía.It's important that they read the biography.

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David Issokson