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Saber Conjugation: How to Conjugate “To Know In Spanish

The Spanish verb saber means “to know” in the the context of factually knowing. The conjugation of saber in the present tense is: Yo sé (I know), tú sabes (you know), él/ella/usted sabe (he/she knows; you know), nosotros sabemos (we know), vosotros sabéis (you know) and ellos/ellas/ustedes saben (you/they know).

Saber conjugation charts

Saber is an irregular ER verb. This means that its stem and endings are different than other regular ER verbs when conjugated in the present tense. This page on our site covers regular and irregular Spanish ER verbs in detail.

In Spanish, the verb conocer also means “to know”. Conocer is used for people, places and areas of study. This page on our site offers detailed conjugation charts for conocer with example sentences.

Saber conjugated in the present tense

Saber conjugation in the present tense

Further down this page we provide conjugation charts for saber in the following commonly used Spanish verb tenses:

  • Present tense (el presente de indicativo)
  • Near future tense (futuro proximo)
  • Future tense (el futuro)
  • Preterite (el préterito)
  • Past indefinite (el perfect de indicativo)
  • Imperfect (el imperfecto de indicativo)
  • Conditional (el potencial simple)
  • Present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo)

Saber conjugation table

Saber conjugation table

The following graphic shows how to conjugate saber in the first-person singular (yo) form in twelve verb tenses.

Saber (to know) conjugated in the first-person singular (yo) form in twelve tenses.

Saber conjugation charts

Present tense (el presente de indicativo)

In the present tense, yo sé translates to “I know”.

yo séI knowYo sé las respuestas.I know the answers.
tú sabesyou knowTu sabes mucho de la gramática. You know a lot about grammar.
él/ella, usted sabehe/she knows; you knowÉl sabe donde vivo.He knows where I live.
nosotros sabemoswe knowSabemos que hablas español.We know you speak Spanish.
vosotros sabéisyou know¿Sabéis cantar esta canción?Do you know how to sing this song?
ellos/ellas, ustedes sabenthey knowEllos saben leer chino. They know how to read Chinese.

Near future tense (futuro proximo)

The near future tense is formed using the following construction: present tense of ir (to go) + preposition a + infinitive. Yo voy a saber translates to “I am going to know”.

yo voy a saberI am going to knowVoy a saber su respuesta.I'm going to know his answer.
tú vas a saberyou are going to knowVas a saber la fecha de la llegada.You're going to know the arrival date.
él/ella, usted va a saberhe/she/you is (are) going to knowÉl va a saber leer el poema.He's going to know how to read the poem.
nosotros vamos a saberwe are going to knowVamos a saber contar hasta diez.We going to know how to count to ten.
vosotros vais a saberyou are going to knowVais a saber si sea posible.You're going to know if it's possible.
ellos/ellas, ustedes vanthey/you are going to knowVan a saber cuando comienza el concierty.They're going to know when the concert is starting.

Future tense (el futuro)

In the future tense, yo sabré translates to “I will know”.

yo sabréI will knowSabré la respuesta mañana.I'll know the answer tomorrow.
tú sabrásyou will know¿Cuándo sabrás los resultados?When will you know the results?
él/ella usted sabráhe/she/you will knowÉl sabrá si cambie de puesto la semana que viene.He'll find out if he's changing job positions next week.
nosotros sabremoswe will knowNunca sabremos lo que sucedió. We'll never know what happened.
vosotros sabréisyou will know¿Cuándo sabréis el sexo del bebé?When will you know the sex of the baby?
ellos/ellas, ustedes sabránthey/you will knowUn día sabrán la verdad.They'll know the truth someday.

Preterite (el préterito)

The preterite is a commonly used Spanish past tense used to express past actions which occurred at defined times. Yo supe translate to “I knew” or “I found out”.

yo supeI knewSupe la respuesta ayer. I knew the answer yesterday.
tú supisteyou knew¿Cuándo supiste los resultados? When did you find out the results?
él/ella, usted supohe/she/you knewNunca supo porque se fue.He never knew why she left.
nosotros supimoswe knewSupimos lo que sucedió en la medianoche.We found out what happened at midnight.
vosotros supisteisyou knew¿Por qué supisteis la respuesta?Why didn't you know the answer?
ellos/ellas, ustedes supieronthey/you knew¿Cómo supieron la verdad?How did they find out the truth?

Past indefinite (el perfect de indicativo)

The past indefinite tense is used to express past actions which have a bearing on the present. Yo he sabido translates to “I have known”.

yo he sabidoI have knownHe sabido la verdad desde hace mucho tiempo.I've known the truth for a long time.
tú has sabidoyou have knownHas sabido una solución pero no quieres revelarla.You've known a solution but don't want to divulge it.
él/ella, usted ha sabidohe/she has known; you have knownÉl nunca ha sabido porque ella gana tanto dinero.He's never known why she earns so much money.
nosotros hemos sabidowe have knownHemos sabido la respuesta desde hace mucho tiempo.We've known the answer for a long time.
vosotros habéis sabidoyou have knownSiempre habéis sabido porque viven a México.You've always known why they live in Mexico.
ellos/ellas, ustedes han sabidoyou/they have knownNunca han sabido la causa del problema.They've never known the cause of the problem.

Imperfect (el imperfecto de indicativo)

The imperfect tense is used to express past actions which occurred at undefined times. Yo sabía transaltes to “I knew” and “I used to know”.

yo sabíaI knewNo sabía que venía hoy.I didn't know he was coming today.
tú sabíasyou knew¡Pensé que sabías!I thought you knew!
él/ella, usted sabíahe/she/you knew¿Usted no sabía?You didn't know?
nosotros sabíamoswe knewLo siento. No sabíamos.I'm sorry. We didn't know.
vosotros sabíaisyou knewSabíais la respuesta pero no decís nada.You knew the answer but didn't say anything.
ellos/ellas, ustedes sabíanthey/you knewNo sabían y es por eso que no contestaron.They didn't know and that's why they didn't answer.

Conditional (el potencial simple)

The conditional is used to express hypothetical actions. Yo sabría translates to “I would know”.

yo sabríaI would knowSabría la verdad si fuera posible. I'd know the truth if it were possible.
tú sabríasyou would knowSabrías la fecha si preguntaras.You'd know the date if you asked.
él/ella, usted sabríahe/she/you would knowSabría la respuesta pero no contestaron.He'd know answer but they haven't replied.
nosotros sabríamoswe would knowSabríamos los resultados pero todavía no fueron anunciados.We'd know the results but they haven't been announced yet.
vosotros sabríaisyou would know¿Sabríais cuándo llegarán?Would you happen to know when they'll arrive?
ellos/ellas, ustedes sabríanthey/you would know¿Sabrían el marcador del partido de fútbol?Would they happen to know the score of the soccer game?

Present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo)

The subjunctive mood is used to express wishes, emotions and doubts.

yo sepaI knowNo piensa que sepa la verdad.He doesn't think I know the truth.
tú sepasyou knowEs importante que sepas tode el proceso.It's important that you know the entire process.
él/ella, usted sepahe/she knows; you know¿Es verdad que sepa la fecha?Is it true that he knows the date?
nosotros sepamoswe knowDuda que sepamos la respuesta.He doubts we know the answer.
vosotros sepáisyou knowEs posible que ya sepáis los resultados.It's possible that you already know the dates.
ellos/ellas, ustedes sepanthey/you knowExijo que sepan la reglas del juego. I require that you know the rules of the game.

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David Issokson